11 Data center design tips

What are the most important things to consider when designing a data center?

The first step in designing and implementing a new or upgraded data center is to step back and assess your needs. The more complex your data center is now, the more important it is to successfully plan for growth. No matter if your network consists of a two-room office or a multi-building campus, decisions you make now will impact your business’s or organization’s success for many years to come. Here’s a short list of data center design tips:

  1. Consider initial and future loads.
  2. Lower data center power consumption and increase cooling efficiency by grouping together equipment with similar head load densities and temperature requirements. This allows cooling systems to be controlled to the least energy-intensive set points for each location.
  3. Reference 2011 ASHRAE Thermal Guidelines for Data Processing Environments to review the standardized operating envelope for the recommended IT operating temperature.
  4. Identify the class of your data center to determine the recommended and allowable environmental envelopes.Caution sign
  5. Implement effective air management to minimize or eliminate mixing air between the cold and hot air sections. This includes configuration of equipment’s air intake and heat exhaust paths, location of air supply and air return, and the overall airflow patterns of the room. Benefits include reduced operating costs, increased IT density, and reduced heat-related processing interruptions or failures.
  6. Under-floor and overhead cable management is important to minimize obstructions within the cooling air pattern.
  7. Prevent mixing of hot and cold air by implementing a hot aisle/cold aisle configuration. Create barriers and seal openings to eliminate air recirculation. Supply cold air exclusively to cold aisles and pull hot return air only from hot aisles.
  8. Higher return air temperatures extend the operating hours of air economizers.
  9. Choose an enclosure configuration that supports your cooling method.
  10. If using raised-floor cooling, carefully consider the location of perforated floor tiles to optimize air flow.
  11. Managing a uniform static pressure in the raised floor by careful placement of the A/C equipment allows for even air distribution to the IT equipment.

Fore more tips, case studies, and information on cooling solutions, visit blackbox.com/go/cooling.

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